This page is meant to supplement the other judgment page –Judgment & Sheol. Since that page has all the scriptures it needs for proof, this one will have few.
All my long life, nobody has explained the things below as you will find them now. Why that is so – escapes me.
Human judgment and Prison
In today's western world, if a person is a prisoner, a convict, who serves time in prison, it is because that person has been convicted by judgment to do so. No person serves time in prison without having been served an unfavorable judgment.
In Ezekiel 18:4,20, a key point is delivered. We are told that all sinners shall die. Here soul means the entire person it refers to, not an internal ephemeral entity. John tells us that all are sinners, naturally excluding Jesus, the son of man. (1 John 1:8, Ps 49:7,8)
In this the divine judgment is manifest since all who lived in the far past are dead, and all who live today shall die. (unless God's kingdom comes now) People are not put to death by God unless they have received the death penalty from him, and this we all have received.
This Paul and the entire Bible teaches in that we are told e.g., "Behold all souls are mine: as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, the same shall die." (Ez 18:4)
Unless Christ's ransom is applied to the dead, none of them will ever live again, forever. In that case, their judgment is final and binding.
God's justice satisfied
In dying, each person has paid back the price for his sins, and God's justice is forever satisfied in regard to the payment for that person's sins during that one's lifetime. It is Romans 6:7 at work. That person's punishment can never become more onerous than the maximum divine judgment of the death-penalty that was handed out when that person died.
Understanding now what God's judgment is, the question that obviously demands attention here is, what is Christ's judgment? It cannot be the same as God's judgment, i.e., condemning people to death !
What it isn't!
Assuredly God's judgment to death eternal is not what Christ's judgment is about. Christ cannot judge anyone to death; it would serve no purpose at all because everyone already has been so judged.
What it is:
What do we read about it?
John 3:16-18, DRC, For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting. 17 For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him. 18 He that believeth in him is not judged.But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
Rom 6:23, For the wages of sin is death. But the grace of God, life everlasting, in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Christ's judgment is seen to be that of giving a gift. To whom does he give gifts? To those who have faith in his name, ransom, and who obey him and his teachings. That is the teaching found.
The gift is eternal life to those who in all holiness live for him. To the unrighteous resurrected with a
resurrection of judgment, he gives a conditional gift. They receive the gift of the resurrection, but their continued existence depends upon them accepting him and his teachings into their lives and hearts.
Judge of the dead and the living
Acts 10:42, 2 Tim 4:1, 1 Pet 4:5, Rom 2:14-16 – all bear witness to the fact that Jesus Christ, our Lord, and only owner (Jude 1:4 / Jude 4 «only one chapter») will judge the dead and the living. Every person dead or alive receives the judgment of Christ's love, the ransom, based on their life's works and activities. This causes no disharmony or conflict with Romans 6:7 because Christ's judgment never increases the «convict's» penalty. At most it remains unchanged – death eternal. All other judgment by Christ only gives a lesser penalty. This is why Christ may judge a dead person's life's works and not violate Romans 6:7.
On judgment day, Armageddon, he will sift the wheat from the chaff. All the chaff will be burned up.
1. Here we must not forget that all are condemned to death by the Father's "the soul that sinneth shall die." When Christ sits on his judgment seat, even the living before him carry this penalty. Those undeserving of his gift because of their unrepentant wickedness receive instant execution of the Divine judgment and die eternally.
Christ have not judged them to deathbecause this adverse judgment, they already received from the Father. That is why we are told in John 3:18, "But he that doth not believe, is already judged" – judged by the Father that is.However, Jesus will make sure that a person's judgment is properly executed, whatever that judgment happens to be.
2. Those deserving of the gift receive entry into the kingdom's sacred domain with eternal life as a prospect.
Again, we see that Christ's judgment is about giving the Divinely provided gift of the ransom to the righteous and faithful. It is not about putting people to death, condemning them to death. This action occurred right after Adam's sin.
From the above, it should be obvious what God's and what Christ's judgment revolves about.